Glaucoma is a leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world. The term “Glaucoma” refers to a range of conditions that result in disease of the optic nerve, with subsequent loss of visual field. This can happen without the patient noticing, which is why glaucoma is referred to as “the sneak thief of sight”. Various treatments can be applied to lower intraocular pressure, which is a key risk factor (but not the only risk factor) for progression of disease.
They may include:
People at high risk include those who are over the age of 40, diabetic, near-sighted, or those with a family history of glaucoma.
To detect glaucoma, Dr. Kumar will test your visual acuity and visual field as well as the pressure in your eye. Regular eye exams help to monitor the changes in your eyesight and to determine whether you may develop glaucoma.
Once diagnosed, glaucoma can be controlled and further vision loss can be prevented. Treatments to lower pressure in the eye include non-surgical methods such as prescription eye drops and medications, laser therapy, and surgery.
The term “MIGS” refers to a group of minimally invasive glaucoma procedures most commonly performed at the same time as cataract surgery. Microscopic devices are implanted to lower intraocular pressure. These devices are usually indicated for patients with mild to moderate glaucoma. Sometimes by placing MIGS devices in the eye at the time of cataract surgery, the number of topical drops that patients need to use can be reduced. This has the benefit of removing irritating drop side effects such as dry eye.